The state Duma adopted in the first reading the bill allowing not to certify and register drones weighing less than 30 kg, according to Slon. In support of the bill voted 441 MP.
“The project is aimed at establishing the foundations for the formation of the legislative framework on the use of unmanned aircraft in the interests of the state, pilot and civil aviation, certification, state registration, admission and flight operations, airworthiness, requirements for aviation personnel, aviation safety and aviation security, accident investigation,” – said in the explanatory note to the bill.
In addition to determining the mass limits of the drone, not allowing to register the device, approved by the Parliament the document envisages a number of amendments to the Air code of the Russian Federation, and also puts into legislation the concept of “unmanned aircraft”, “unmanned aircraft system” and “outside crew”. In addition, drones introduces an exception that allows not to keep on Board all the necessary documents and register them in electronic form.
It should be noted that the current legislation does not share unmanned aerial vehicles by weight, which by law need to register all the drones and get a license to manage the drones.
Currently in Russia, as in other countries, there is no legislative framework regulating the use of unmanned aerial vehicles. At present, the use of unmanned aircraft in the Russian Federation is carried out by establishing a temporary and local modes of flight, as well as short-term permits to operate flights in the interests of airspace users, organizing the flights of unmanned aircraft.
For this reason, in October 2014, the court in Syktyvkar was fined 50,000 rubles of the company’s founder Copter Express for pizza delivery by drone in the absence of an appropriate license.