In 2020-2021 years Russia expects a significant decline in budget revenues. About it today, speaking at the “Gaidar forum”, said the head of the Center for strategic research, the ex-Finance Minister Alexei Kudrin. He thinks about the reforms in Russia should focus on the experience of the Apple.
Kudrin said that Russia should focus on creating creative industries. It is this quality that has allowed Apple for a few to become the most successful. Now in major Russian cities creative industry (from design to programming) is only 0.5-1% of GRP, e.g., in London 6-8%, he said.
“This area is transforming the industry, creates a new design throughout. Steve jobs once said that the iPhone creates only 30% engineers, and two-thirds are engaged in the dialogue of man and machine, design. They are representatives of the liberal professions. We need a creative industry that transforms our industry and services”, — said Kudrin.
Kudrin pointed to the historical scale of today’s problems, if not to take into account the collapse of the early 1990-ies, the rate of economic growth in Russia is lower today than in the USSR in the period of “stagnation” in the 1970-ies, he says.
“We got into a long strip of low growth. The main problems are institutional and structural, they are in our country,” — said the politician. If these barriers are not overcome, Russia will not be able not only to lead growth but to maintain its current position in the world economy.
The head of the Center for strategic research said that if structural reforms, including the reform of the state apparatus, the economy can show growth above 3% in 2019 and 4% in 2022, and in 2035 show a twofold increase.
Ex-Finance Minister Russia not for the first time in his speech refers to the “Apple” company. In June last year, he said that he believed in the intellectual potential of the Russian Federation, which, according to him, is able to produce a product better than Apple. Kudrin suggested to focus on technologies that are not yet mastered in the United States and China.