Advanced Mac users will find useful the ability to run macOS or Mac OS X in a virtual machine separate from the host operating system. To configure a virtual machine in the software environment of Apple.
First, let’s talk about what virtualization is and why it is needed. In fact, it is the ability to run a second operating system applications isolated from the host OS. This means that physically you don’t install the OS the computer and only have access when required.
Installing macOS on a virtual machine using Parallels Lite
To install a virtual machine, you will need a free app Lite Parallels and macOS installer.
Step 1: Download Parallels Lite from the Mac App Store at this link. This is the free version of the popular virtualization solution from Parallels.
Step 2: Download from the Mac App Store using macOS installer. If you have a system image on a USB flash drive or an external drive, skip this step.
Step 3: Start Parallels and select specify plan “Only Linux is free.”
Step 4: Next select “Install Windows or another OS from DVD or image”.
Step 5: Parallels Lite will scan the hard disk for macOS installers and ISO images. Click the “Install macOS” and “Continue”. If the program did not find the installer, specify the path manually.
Step 6: Click “Continue” to create the disk image file.
Step 7: Give the virtual machine a name and specify a folder to store the image.
Step 8: On the next screen you can specify how many resources will be allocated to the virtual system, but it is better to skip this step and leave default settings.
Step 9: Start the macOS installer. In the window that appears, select “Install macOS” to perform a clean installation of the system.
Step 10: Follow the instructions on the screen. The completion will run regular macOS, Parallels Lite.
In principle, this is all that is needed. Now you can use on your Mac second copy of the macOS. So you can install any version of the framework, including beta versions.
Turns on and off the virtual system by running and exiting Parallels Lite respectively.
For the purposes described in article, enough free Lite version of Parallels. A completely free alternative to install Windows and Linux with all the features is VirtualBox.
When you install macOS in a virtual machine you can restore data from a backup.