Apple promises to stop the extraction of raw materials from the Earth and produce all products from renewable resources
20.04.2017 apleapplekot 0 Comments
Apple has published a report on the achievements in the field of environmental liability for 2017. According to the company, 100% of the electricity consumed by data centers Apple, and 96% of the electricity consumed by buildings of the Corporation around the world, is being produced by solar, wind and hydroelectric power plants.
In 2016, 96% of the electricity consumed by buildings Apple came from clean, renewable sources. This figure takes into account the power consumption not only offices, shops and private data centers, but distribution centers, as well as rented along with other companies data centers. Thanks to the efforts of Apple’s greenhouse gas emissions during operation of buildings now make up less than 1% of the total carbon footprint of Apple. But the final goal is to completely convert the building to renewable energy. Apple has achieved this in respect of all data centers under the control of the company, and buildings in 24 countries including USA, UK, China and Australia.
Apple is building the eco-friendly headquarters
The headquarters of Apple in Cupertino Park will be the largest office building in North America that have received platinum level certification under the LEED system. Part of the campus includes laboratories engaged in energy-intensive research and development. The headquarters is powered by 100 percent renewable energy, 75% of which is generate mounted on the roof of the 17‑megawatt solar power plant and 4 MW fuel cells on biogas, also located on campus and is designed to cover base load.
If necessary, Apple Park receives more energy from the solar power plant California Flats Solar Project, which is located in nearby Monterey County. When power consumption is low, for example, at the weekend, the generated renewable energy will be supplied to the company Pacific Gas and Electric for use in the public domain. More than 80% of the new campus is an open space, planted more than 9,000 drought-resistant trees. Most are oaks, and deciduous and fruit trees. Apple transplanted here old oaks from other parts of California, where they were doomed to destruction. In order to save water resources in the new campus 75% of industrial water is reused after cleaning for watering gardens and other purposes not requiring drinking water. 95% of materials from demolition of buildings on the site of the future Apple campus, was sent for recycling or used for construction.
A closed production cycle
Apple has set the goal to create a closed production cycle. The normal production cycle looks linear. The raw material is mined, it is made from products that after use thrown into the dustbin. The process then begins again from the Earth is extracted, a new raw material for the production of new products. Apple is convinced that it is necessary to organize a closed production cycle where products are manufactured from renewable resources or recycled materials. Apple already has a program that will ensure that used non-renewable raw materials are purchased from responsible suppliers. Today Apple encourages buyers to donate their old devices for recycling under the program Apple Renew.
New technologies of processing and robotic deconstruction line
Existing methods of processing, such as grinding, allow you to get just certain types of materials, often of lower quality. So Apple created a robot, Liam, who can quickly disassemble the iPhone 6, sort its components without any loss of quality and reduce the need to mine new raw materials. Today launched two robotic lines Liam, which is able to parse up to 2.4 million phones a year.
Apple has already begun to use some of the secondary components for the manufacture of new devices. For example, an aluminum shell, taken with iPhone 6 at the line Liam are melted and the resulting material used in the production of Mac minis, which are used in factories to assemble the iPhone. To date, the secondary is all the tin used for soldering the main Board of iPhone 6s. The main Board of iPhone 6 recorded with the line Liam, Apple sends it to the waste recycling plant where the extract is not only copper and precious metals but tin. The next step will be to examine the question of how to extract the cobalt from lithium-ion batteries and use it again.
In addition, Apple strives to make all waste from the production processes of suppliers are also disposed of, processed, should be composted or used for energy. Of the eighteen plants of Apple for the Assembly of finished devices and seventeen are certified zero waste index UL Zero Waste to Landfill, allowing from January 2015 to reduce the volume of industrial waste at 240 000 tons. Recently, this initiative was joined by another 25 suppliers.
iMessage, FaceTime and Siri function by one hundred percent renewable energy
When you send a message iMessage, make a call in FaceTime, ask Siri, download a song or a photo from iCloud — energy. The implementation of these tasks is supported by data centers for Apple, which is completely renewable energy. So, in 2015, the data centers Apple has avoided the emission of 187 000 tons of CO2 equivalent. In 2016 this figure increased to 330 000 tonnes. When you need extra power, Apple uses the services of third-party data centers. Although these centres are not our property, and their services are used by other companies, they are, nevertheless, subject to our energy strategy. In 2016, over 99% consumed in these data centers electricity came from renewable sources.
The power consumption of Apple devices fell by 70% compared to 2008.
The MacBook Pro consumes 15% less energy than previous models of MacBook Pro. The iMac computer in sleep mode consumes 97% less power than the first generation model. The Mac mini consumes 40% less power in standby mode compared to previous generation model. A daily charge iPhone 7 costs just 61 cents a year. All these improvements help to reduce the carbon footprint of not only Apple, but also your electricity bills.
Reliable devices are more environmentally friendly
The longer the device is, the less resources you need to get to produce new. Apple evaluates the sustainability of its products to external influences in a special laboratory, subjecting them to severe tests, accurately simulating the actual operating conditions. In particular, Apple explores how the device tolerate extremely high and low temperatures, exposure to water and common chemicals. Checks, as they scratched when in contact with thin steel wire and denim. In addition to the methods provided for in industry standards, Apple is developing its own tests, and even create specialized equipment for testing. Techniques Apple based on the study of the behavior of users, but Apple also explores the returns to know about all possible problems.
The directory in which it analyzed more than 20 000 parts
Apple has developed a program to disclose information about the materials in which the indicated chemical composition for all parts of the devices. To date, of 40 000 available in the Apple products of the individual components investigated more than 20,000. Every day Apple gets new details. The chemicals in them are evaluated according to 18 criteria. The data obtained help to better understand the influence of these substances on human health and the environment.